Taiwan the Little Giant of Tech

Taiwan is a small island nation located off the coast of China, but it has managed to establish itself as a global powerhouse in the tech industry. Over the past few decades, Taiwan has emerged as one of the world’s leading producers of electronics and semiconductors, with a thriving tech industry that is home to some of the biggest companies in the world. In recent years, Taiwan’s tech industry has seen significant growth, with companies investing heavily in research and development, and the government providing support to encourage innovation and development. Taiwan’s tech industry is known for its strengths in areas such as semiconductors, displays, and computer hardware, as well as a growing focus on emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), and robotics.


Semiconductors are at the core of Taiwan’s tech industry, and the country is home to some of the world’s leading semiconductor manufacturers. According to data from the Taiwan Semiconductor Industry Association (TSIA), Taiwan accounted for 65% of the global market for foundry chip production in 2020, making it the world’s leading producer of chips for smartphones, computers, and other electronic devices. Some of the largest semiconductor companies in Taiwan include TSMC, UMC, and MediaTek.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) is the world’s largest semiconductor foundry, with a market capitalization of over $500 billion as of April 2023. TSMC was founded in 1987 and has since become a key player in the global semiconductor industry, with a focus on providing high-quality manufacturing services to its customers. In this analysis, we will look at TSMC’s recent capital raising activities, as well as its principal advances in technology.

Capital Raising Activities

In March 2021, TSMC announced plans to raise up to $9.3 billion in a stock sale to fund capacity expansion and research and development. The company issued 23 million new shares, which were priced at TWD 630 (approximately $22) per share. The capital raising was the largest in TSMC’s history, and came amid strong demand for the company’s services and growing global demand for semiconductors.

TSMC has also been investing heavily in new manufacturing facilities to meet the growing demand for its services. In 2020, the company announced plans to build a new $12 billion chip plant in Arizona, which is expected to begin production in 2024. TSMC has also been investing in its existing facilities in Taiwan, with plans to build new production lines and expand capacity.

Advances in Technology

TSMC‘s success in the semiconductor industry is due in large part to its ability to stay ahead of the curve in terms of technology. The company has been at the forefront of several key advances in semiconductor technology in recent years, including the following:

  1. 7nm and 5nm Chips: TSMC was the first company to produce 7nm chips, which offer improved performance and power efficiency compared to older chips. The company has since moved on to 5nm chips, which are even more advanced and offer higher performance and efficiency.
  2. Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography (EUV): TSMC has been a pioneer in the use of EUV technology, which allows for more precise and complex chip designs. The company has been using EUV technology in the production of its 7nm and 5nm chips, and is expected to continue using it in future generations of chips.
  3. 3D Stacking: TSMC has also been working on 3D stacking technology, which allows for the stacking of multiple layers of chips on top of each other. This can improve performance and reduce power consumption, and is expected to become more important in the future as chips become more complex.
  4. Advanced Packaging: TSMC has also been investing in advanced packaging technologies, which allow for the integration of multiple chips into a single package. This can improve performance and reduce costs, and is becoming increasingly important as chips become more complex and require more components.

Overall, TSMC recent capital raising activities and advances in technology demonstrate the company’s commitment to staying ahead of the curve in the semiconductor industry. With growing global demand for semiconductors and a focus on innovation, TSMC is well-positioned to continue its success in the years to come.

In addition to semiconductors, Taiwan is also a leader in display technology, with companies like AU Optronics and Innolux among the largest producers of LCD panels in the world. Taiwan is also home to some of the world’s leading computer hardware companies, including Asus, Acer, and MSI, which produce a range of products including laptops, desktops, and gaming devices.

Taiwan’s tech industry is also expanding into new areas such as AI, IoT, and robotics, with companies like Foxconn and HTC investing heavily in these emerging technologies. According to a report by the Taipei Computer Association, Taiwan’s IoT market is expected to grow to $3.4 billion by 2024, while the country’s AI market is projected to reach $1.29 billion by 2025.

Overall, Taiwan’s tech industry has been experiencing impressive growth in recent years, driven by the country’s strengths in areas such as semiconductors, displays, and computer hardware, as well as its investment in emerging technologies such as AI and IoT. The government’s support for the industry has also played a key role in its success, with policies designed to encourage innovation and development, as well as investments in infrastructure and education to ensure a steady supply of skilled workers.

In terms of numbers, Taiwan’s tech industry accounted for around 30% of the country’s GDP in 2020, with exports of tech products totaling $142 billion. According to data from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan’s tech industry employed around 566,000 people in 2020, with an average annual salary of NT$1.14 million (approximately $40,000).

On the other side, the positive momentum in Taiwan’s startup environment is being supported by the country’s rapid economic expansion. Several factors, including numerous ones, including many, can be credited as the fundamental causes of this beneficial progress.

Government programs, an increase in investors’ willingness to take calculated risks and inject cash into the ecosystem, and corporations getting more actively involved in the startup environment are all contributing factors.

According to this optimistic attitude, the Taiwanese government has been actively contributing to the growth of the startup ecosystem in the nation and has financially backed measures to encourage venture capitalists to invest in Taiwan. The Business Angel Investment Program by Taiwan’s National Development Council (NDC), through the National Development Fund (NDF), as well as Taiwan Tech Arena (TTA), launched by the MOST, is one of the key initiatives that has helped to increase venture capital funding for startups. These initiatives seek to develop a comprehensive international startup ecosystem in Taiwan. 

In conclusion, Taiwan’s tech industry is a major contributor to the country’s economy, and is well-positioned to continue its growth and success in the years to come. With a focus on innovation and development, and a strong government support system, Taiwan’s tech companies and Startups are likely to remain at the forefront of the global tech industry for years to come.